Matthew Benson’s PhD research combines descriptive statistics with an analysis of archival sources to examine how people have experienced, and shaped, public authority in South Sudan & Sudan by complying, evading or rebelling against taxes in these countries. This project utilises social science and historical research methods to examine taxation’s role in shaping citizen-state relations from both top-down and bottom-up perspectives. It also tests wider theories about the African state-building experience; for example, whether and how the fiscal-social contract, which is considered crucial to European state-building, might have emerged within some African states.
This research builds on Matthew Benson’s experience examining the links between tax and state-building in post-Comprehensive Peace Agreement South Sudan, and the political economy of tax reforms in post-conflict countries more broadly, with the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. It is also informed by field postings in South Sudan with Crown Agents and Sudan with Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF). Matthew has also conducted field research in Uganda and undertaken research assignments with the Overseas Development Institute, the World Bank, the UN Refugee Agency and Oxfam America. He is currently engaged in archival research in Khartoum, Sudan.
Matthew Benson holds an MA in Social and Economic History (Research Methods) from Durham University, an MA in Governance and Development from the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex and a BA in International Relations from Tufts University. Matthew has been awarded an Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC) PhD studentship from 2015-2018.
Department of History
- Benson, M (2017). Review of “Borders & Borderlands as Resources in the Horn of Africa” by Markus V. Hoehne and Dereje Feyissa (Eds). Sudan Studies for South Sudan and Sudan 55: 57-59.
- Benson, M. (2015). Review of “The State of Post-Conflict Reconstruction: Land, Urban Development & State-Building in Juba, Southern Sudan” by Naseem Baidey. Journal of Sudan Studies (52).
Chapter in book
- Benson, M. (2016). Paying for Government and Services: 28 States and Revenue. In Considering the State: Perspectives on South Sudan’s Subdivision and Federalism Debate. Schomerus, M. & Aalen, L. London: Overseas Development Institute. 23-26.
- Benson, M. (2007). Insecure Environments: The Missing Piece?. Forced Migration Review (29): 20-21.
- van den Boogaard, V., Prichard, W., Milicic, N. and Benson, M. (Forthcoming) ‘Revenue Mobilization in Conflict-Affected Developing Countries’. Journal of International Development, Special Issue on ‘Fiscal Policy, State-Building and Economic Development’.
- Benson, M. (2015). Let’s Talk About Tax: Constitutional confusion around revenue roles is a recipe for conflict in South Sudan. Africa in Fact (32): 39-42.
- Benson, M. (2011). South Sudan: Making Tax Work. African Arguments
- Denney, L., Mallett, R. & Benson, M. (2017). Service Delivery and State Capacity: Findings from the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium. Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC).
- Allouche, J., Benson, M. & McCormack, F. (2016). Beyond Borders: The End of the Mano River War(s)?. Institute of Development Studies (IDS) at the University of Sussex (Evidence Report No. 188).
- van den Boogaard, V., Prichard, W., Milicic, N. & Benson, M. (2016). Tax Revenue Mobilization in Conflict-Affected Developing Countries. United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research (UNU-WIDER) Working Paper 2016/155.
- Pape, U., Benson, M., Ebrahim, M., and Lole, J. (Forthcoming) ‘Reducing Poverty Through Improved Agro-Logistics in a Fragile Country: Findings from a Trader Survey in South Sudan’. World Bank, Poverty & Equity Global Practice, Africa. Research Working Paper.
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